I.   Quality of Life and Cancer
      Survivorship


Section Description: This section includes City of Hope publications and figures of the City of Hope Quality of Life conceptual models. The section also includes City of Hope Publications related to Quality of Life in specific populations of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, cancer survivors, and Hematopoietic cell transplantation.


For more information on measurement tools for Quality of Life, refer to IX. Research Instruments.         

Quality-of-Life Models
 - all of the models include a list
of references  
          

   - Quality of Life Breast Cancer Model      
   - Quality of Life Cancer Survivor Model              
   - 
Quality of Life Ovarian Cancer Model
   - Quality of Life Family Caregiver
 Model

   - Quality of Life Effect of Fatigue Model
        
   - Quality of Life Hematopoietic Cell
     Transplant (Bone Marrow Transplant) Model
   - 
Quality of Life Ostomy Model
   - Quality of Life Pain
 Impact Model 


 
City of Hope Publications     
  1. Sun, V., Kim, J., Kim, J.Y., Raz, D.J., Merchant, S., Chao, J., Chung, V., Jimenez, T., Wittenberg, E., Grant, M. & Ferrell, B. (2015).  Dietary alterations and restrictions following surgery for upper gastrointestinal cancers:  key components of a health-related quality of life intervention. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2015.01.008

  2. Matzo, M., Graham, C., Troup, C. L., & Ferrell, B. (2014). Development of a patient education resource for women with gynecologic cancers: Cancer treatment and sexual health. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 18(3), 343-348.
     
  3. Sun, V., Cooke, L., Chung, V., Uman, G., Smith, T.J. & Ferrell, B. (2014).  Feasibility of a palliative care intervention for cancer patients in phase I clinical trials.  Journal of Palliative Medicine, 17(12): 1365-1368. 
  4. Sun, V., Grant, M., McMullen, M., Altschuler, A., Mohler, M. J., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton, L. J, & Krouse, R. S. (2014). From diagnosis through survivorship: Health-care experiences of colorectal cancer survivors with ostomies. Support Care Cancer, 22(6), 1563-1570.  DOI: 10.1007/s00520-014-2118-2.
  5. Sun, V., Kim, J., Williams, A., Raz, D., Sampath, S., Ferrell, B. (2014). Quality of Life and Symptoms following Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in Early Stage Lung Cancer Patients.  Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology, 12(11): 407-414. PMCID: PMC4361026
     
  6. Ferrell, B., McCabe, M. S., & Levit, L. (2013). The Institute of Medicine Report on high-quality cancer care: Implications for oncology nursing. Oncology Nursing Forum, 40(6), 603-609.
    DOI: 10.1188/13.ONF.603-609.
  7. Grant, M., Sun, V., Fujinami, R., Sidhu, R., Otis-Green, S., Juarez, G., Klein, L., & Ferrell, B. (2013). Family caregiver burden, skills preparedness, and quality of life in non-small cell lung cancer. Oncology Nursing forum, 40(4), 337-346.  DOI: 10.1188/13.ONF.337-346.
  8. Juarez, G., Hurria, A., Uman, G. & Ferrell, B. R. (2103). Impact of a bilingual education intervention on the quality of life of Latina breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Society, 40(1), E50-E60. 
    DOI: 10.1188/13.ONF.E50-E60.
  9. Koczywas M, Cristea M, Thomas J, McCarty C, Borneman T, Del Ferraro C, Sun V, Uman G, Ferrell B. (2013).Interdisciplinary palliative care intervention in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. Clinical Lung Cancer. 14(6), 736-744.
  10. Koczywas, M., Williams, A.C, Cristea, M. Reckamp, K., Grannis, F., Tiep, B., Uman, G., Ferrell, B. (2013). Longitudinal changes in function, symptom burden, and quality of life in patients with early lung cancer.  Annals of Surgical Oncology, 20(6) 1788-1797. 
    DOI: 10.1245/s10434-012-2741-4
  11. Otis-Green, S., Wakabayashi, M.T., Morgan, R., Hakim, A., Ferrell, B., Sun, V., Yang, E. & Grant, M. (2013). Palliative care opportunities for women with advanced ovarian cancer associated with intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(1), 44-53.
    DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2012.0174. 
     

  12. Sun, V., Grant, M., McMullen, C. K., Altschuler, A., Mohler, M. J., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton, L. J., Baldwin, C. M., & Krouse, R. S. (2013) Surviving colorectal cancer: long-term, persistent ostomy-specific concerns and adaptations. Journal of Wound, Ostomy & Continence Nursing, 40(1), 61-72.
    DOI: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3182750143.

  13. Sun, V., Otis-Green, S., Morgan, R., Wakabayashi, M., Hakim, A., Callado, M. E., Yang, E., Ferrell, B. & Grant, M. (2013).Toxicities, complications, and clinical encounters during intraperitoneal chemotherapy in 17 women with ovarian cancer. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 17(3), 375-380. DOI:10.1016/j.ejon.2012.10.005

  14. Williams, A. C., Reckamp, K., Freeman, B., Sidhu, R., & Grant, M. (2013). Sexuality, lung cancer, and the older adult: An unlikely trio? Advanced Practitioner, 4(5), 331-340.
  15. Borneman, T., Piper, B., Koczywas, M., Munevar, C., Sun, V., Uman, G., & Ferrell, B. R. (2012). A qualitative analysis of cancer-related fatigue in cancer-related fatigue in ambulatory oncology. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 16(1), E26-E32.DOI: 10.1188/12.CJON.E26-E32.
  16. Economou, D., Hurria, A., & Grant, M. (2012). Integrating a cancer-specific geriatric assessment into survivorship care. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 16(3), E78-E85. 
    DOI: 10.1188/12.CJON.E78-E83. 
  17. Grant, M., Economou, D., Ferrell, B. R., & Uman, G. (2012). Educating health care professionals to provide institutional changes in cancer survivorship care. Journal of Cancer Education, Published online 24 January 2012.
  18. Grant, M., Cooke, L., Williams, A. C., Bhatia, S., Popplewell, L., Uman, G., & Forman, S. (2012). Functional status and health-related quality of life among allogeneic transplant patients at hospital discharge: A comparison of sociodemographic, disease and treatment characteristics.  Supportive Care in Cancer, 20(11), 2697-2704.  DOI: 10.1007/s00520-012-1389-8.
  19. Grant, M., McMullen, C., Altschuler, A., Hornbrook, M., Herrinton, L., Wendel, C., Baldwin, C., & Krouse, R.  (2012).  Irrigation practices in long-term survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) with colostomies Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 16(5), 514-519.
    DOI: 10.1188/12.CJON.514-519.
     
       
  20. Sun, V., Borneman, T., Koczywas, M., Cristea, M., Piper, B., Uman, G., & Ferrell, B. R. (2012). Quality of life and barriers to symptom management in colon cancer. European Journal of Oncology Nursing,  16(3). 276-280. DOI:10.1016/j.ejon.2011.06.011.10.
  21. Cooke, L., Chung, C., & Grant, M. (2011). Psychosocial care for adolescent and young adult hematopoietic cell transplant patients. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 29(4), 394-414.
    DOI: 10.1080/07347332.2011.582636.
  22. Gemmill, R., Kravits, K., Ortiz, M., Anderson, C., Lai, L., & Grant, M. (2011). What do surgical oncology staff nurses know about colorectal cancer ostomy care? The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 42(2), 81-88. DOI: 10.3928/00220124-20101101-04.  
  23. Grant, M., McMullen, C. K., Altschuler, A., Mohler, M. J., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton,  L. J., Wendel, C. S., Baldwin, C. M., & Krouse , R. S.  (2011).  Gender differences in quality of life among long-term colorectal cancer survivors with ostomies.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 38(5), 587-596.  DOI: 10.1188/11.ONF.587-596.
  24. Hornbrook, M. C., Wendel, C. S., Coons, S. J., Grant, M., Herrinton, L. J., Mohler, M. J.,  Baldwin, C. M., McMullen. C. K., Green, S. B., Altschuler, A., Rawl, S. M., & Krouse, R. S.  (2011).  Complications among colorectal cancer survivors:  SF-6D preference-weighted quality of life scores.  Medical Care, 49(3):321326.  DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e31820194c8.
  25. McMullen, C. K., Wasserman,  J., Altschuler, A., Grant, M. L., Hornbrook, M. C., Lijestrand, P., Briggs, C., Krouse, R. S.  (2011). Untreated peristomal skin complications among long-term colorectal cancer survivors with ostomies.  Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 15(6), 644-650.
    DOI: 
    10.1188/11.CJON.644-650.    
  26. Borneman, T., Koczywas, M., Sun, V., Piper, B.F., Uman, G., Ferrell, B.R. (2010). Reducing patient barriers to pain and fatigue management. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 39(3), 486-501. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.08.007.
  27. Crane-Okada, R., Freeman, E., Ross, M., Kiger, H., & Giuliano, A. E. (2010). Training senior peer counselors to provide telephone support for newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors. Journal of Cancer Education, 25(2), 174-179. DOI: 10.1007/s13187-009-0028-7.
  28. Economou, D., Edgington, A., & Deutsch, A. (2010). Roles of the clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioner in survivorship care. Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology, 1(2), 87-94.
  29. Gansler, T., Ganz, P. A., Grant, M., Greene, F. L., Johnstone, P., et. al. (2010). Sixty years of CA: A cancer journal for clinicians. CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 60, 345-350. 
  30. Gemmill, R., Sun, V., Ferrell, B. R., Krouse, R. S., & Grant, M. (2010). Going with the flow: Quality-of-life outcomes of cancersurvivors with urinary diversionJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society, 37(1), 65-72.                                 DOI: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181c68e8f.
  31. Grant, M., Economou, D., & Ferrell, B. (2010). Oncology nurse participation in survivorship care. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. 14(6), 709-715.
    DOI: 10.1188/10.CJON.709-715.
  32. Grant, M. & Economou, D. (2010). Survivorship education for quality cancer care: Update. Oncology Issues, 25(3), 48-49. 
  33. Grant, M. & Sun, V. (2010). Advances in quality of life at the end of life. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 26(1), 26-35. 
    DOI: 10.1016/j.soncn.2009.11.005.

  34. Horner, D. J., Wendel, C. S., Skeps, R., Rawl, S. M., Grant, M., Schmidt, C. M., Ko, C. Y. & Krouse, R. S.  (2010).  Positive correlation of employment and psychological well-being for veterans with major abdominal surgery.  The American Journal of Surgery, 200(5), 585-590.  DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2010.07.006.
  35. Levit, L., Smith, A., Benz, E., Ferrell, B. R. (2010). Ensuring quality cancer care through the oncology workforce. Journal of Oncology Practice, 6(1), 7-11. 
    DOI: 
    10.1200/JOP.091067.
  36. Liu, L., Herrinton, L. J., Hornbrook, M. C., Wendel, C. S. Grant, M., & Krouse, R. S. (2010). Early and late complications amonglong-term colorectal cancer survivors with ostomy or anastomosis. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 53(2), 200-212.     
    DOI: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e3181bdc408.  

  37. Wong, F. L., Francisco, L, Togawa, K., Bosworth, A., Gonzales, M., Hanby, C., Sabado, M., Grant, M., et al. (2010). Long-termrecovery after hematopoietic cell transplantation: Predictors of quality-of-life concerns. Blood, 115(12), 2508-2519.  
    DOI: 10.1182/blood-2009-06-225631. 
  38. Altschuler, A., Ramirez, M., Grant, M., Wendel, C., Hornbrook, M. C. Herrinton, L, Krouse, R. S. (2009). The influence ofhusbands’ or male partners’ support on women’s psychosocial adjustment to having an ostomy resulting from colorectal cancer.Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing, 36(3), 299-305. 
    DOI: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181a1a1dc. 

  39. Baldwin, C. M., Grant, M., Wendel, C., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton, L. J. McMullen, C., et al. (2009). Gender differences in sleep disruption and fatigue on quality of life among persons with ostomies. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 5(4), 335-343.
  40. Cooke, L, Gemmill, R., Kravits, K. & Grant, M. (2009). Psychological issues of stem cell transplant. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 25(2), 139-150. 
    DOI:10.1016/j.soncn.2009.03.008.

  41. Krouse, R. S., Grant, M., Rawl, S. M., Mohler, M. J., Baldwin, C. M., Coons, S. J., et al. (2009). Coping and acceptance: Thegreatest challenge for veterans with intestinal stomas. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66, 227-233.                                     
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.09.009. 

  42. Krouse, R. S., Herrinton, L. J., Grant, M., Wendel, C. S., Green, S. B., Mohler, M. J., et al. (2009). Health-related quality of lifeamong long-term rectal cancer survivors with an ostomy: manifestations by sex. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 27(28), 4664-4670. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2008.20.9502.
  43. Lundy, J. J., Coons, S. J., Wendel, C., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton, L., Grant, M., et al. (2009). Exploring household income as apredictor of psychological well-being among long-term colorectal cancer survivors. Quality of Life Research, 18(2), 157-161. 
    DOI: 10.1007/s11136-008-9432-4.

  44. MacDonald, D., Sarna, L., Weitzel, J., Ferrell, B. R. (2009). Women’s perceptions of the personal and family impact of genetic cancer risk assessment: Focus group findings. Journal of Genetic Counseling, 19(2), 148-160. DOI: 10.1007/s10897-009-9267-3.
  45. Ramirez, M., McMullen, C., Grant, M., Alschuler, A., Hornbrook, M. C., & Krouse, R. S. (2009). Figuring out sex in a reconfigured body: experiences of female colorectal cancer survivors with ostomies. Women Health, 49(8), 608 624. DOI: 10.1080/03630240903496093. 
  46. Baldwin, C. M., Grant, M., Wendel, C., Rawl, S., Schmidt, C. M., Ko, C., & Krouse, R. S. (2008). Influence of intestinal stoma onspiritual quality of life of U.S. veterans. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 26(3), 185-194
    DOI: 10.1177/0898010108322546. 

  47. Crane-Okada, R., Washer, R. A, Elashoff, D. & Giuliano, A. E. (2008). Long-term morbidity of sentinel node biopsy versuscomplete auxillary dissection for unilateral breast cancer. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 15, 1996-2005. 
    DOI:
     10.1245/s10434-008-9909-y. 

  48. Ferrell, B. R., Paice, J., & Koczywas, M. (2008). New standards and implications for improving the quality of supportiveoncology practice. American Society of Clinical Oncology, 26(23), 3824-3831. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2007.15.7552.
  49. Grant, M., & Economou, D. (2008). The evolving paradigm of adult cancer survivor care. Oncology-Nurse Edition, 22(4), 13-28.
  50. McMullen, C. K., Hornbrook, M. C., Grant, M., Baldwin, C. M., Wendel, C. S., Mohler, M. J., Altschuler, A., Ramirez, M., & Krouse, R. (2008). The greatest challenges reported by long-term colorectal cancer survivors with stomas. The Journal of Supportive Oncology, 6(4), 175-182.
  51. Mohler, M. J., Coons, S. J., Hornbrook, M. C., Herrinton, L. J., Wendel, C. S., Grant, M., et al. (2008). The health-related qualityof life in long-term colorectal cancer survivors study: objectives, methods and patient sample. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 24(7), 2059-2070.
    DOI: 10.1185/03007990802118360. 
  52. Munoz, C., Juarez, G., Munoz, M. L., Portnow, J., Fineman, I., Badie, B., et al. (2008). The quality of life of patients with maligant gliomas and their caregivers. Social Work in Healthcare, 47(4), 455-478.  
    DOI: 10.1080/00981380802232396.
  53. Otis-Green, S., Ferrell, B. R., Sun, V., Spolum, M., Morgan, R., & Macdonald, D. (2008). Feasibility of an ovarian cancer quality-of-life psychoeducational intervention. Journal of Cancer Education, 23, 214-221.
  54. Piper, B. F., Borneman, T., Sun, V., Koczywas, M., Uman, G., Ferrell, B., James, R. (2008). Cancer-related fatigue: role ofoncology nurses in translating National Comprehensive Cancer Network assessment guidelines into practice Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 12(5 Suppl), 37-47.
    DOI: 10.1188/08.CJON.S2.37-47. 

  55. Pittman, J., Rawl, S. M., Schmidt, C. M., Grant, M., Ko, C. Y., Wendel, C., & Krouse, R. S. (2008). Demographic and clinicalfactors related to ostomy complications and quality of life in veterans with an ostomy. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing, 35(5), 493-503. 
    DOI:10.1097/01.WON.0000335961.68113.cb
  56. Sun, V., Ferrell, B., Juarez, G., Wagman, L. D., Yen, Y., & Chung, V. (2008). Symptom concerns and quality of life in hepatobiliary cancers. Oncology Nursing Forum, 35(3), E45-E52.
    DOI: 10.1188/08.ONF.E45-E52. 
  57. Sun, V., Borneman, T., Piper, B., Koczywas, M., & Ferrell, B. R. (2008). Barriers to pain assessment and management in cancersurvivorship. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 2(1), 65-71. 
    DOI: 10.1007/s11764-008-0047-0. 
      
                                 
  58. Symms, M. R., Rawl, S. M., Grant, M., Wendel, C. S., Coons, S. J., Hickey, S., et al. (2008). Sexual health and quality of lifeamong male veterans with intestinal ostomies. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 22(1), 30-40.
    DOI: 10.1097/01.NUR.0000304181.36568.a7.
     
  59. Borneman, T., Piper, B., Sun, V., Koczywas, M., Uman, G., Ferrell, B. R. (2007). Implementing the fatigue guidelines at one NCCN member institution: Process and outcomes Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, 5(10), 1092-1101.

  60. Coons, S. J., Chongpison, Y., Wendel, C. S., Grant, M., & Krouse, R. (2007). Overall quality of life and difficulty paying forostomy supplies in the Veterans affairs ostomy health-related quality of life study: An exploratory analysis. Medical Care, 45(9), 891-895. 
    DOI: 
    10.1097/MLR.0b013e318074ce9b.

  61. Crane-Okada, R. (2007). A compass for the cancer journey: Scientific, spiritual, and practical directives. Oncology Nursing Forum, 34(5), 945-954. 
    DOI: 10.1188/07.ONF.945-955.


  62. Grant, M., Economou, D., Ferrell, B. R., & Bhatia, S. (2007). Training healthcare professionals to meet cancer survivors’ needs. Oncology Nursing News. Nov/Dec (4).
  63. Jain, S., McGory, M., Ko, C., Sverdlik, A., Tomilinson, J., Wendel, C. S., et al. (2007). Comorbidities play a larger role in predicting quality of life compared to having an ostomy. American Journal of Surgery, 194(6), 774- 779.
     
    DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2007.08.020.

  64. Krouse, R., Grant, M., Ferrell, B. R., Dean, G., Nelson, R., & Chu, D. (2007). Quality of life outcomes in 599 cancer and non-cancer patients with colostomies.  Journal of Surgical Research, 138(1), 79-87.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2006.04.033. 
  65. Krouse, R. S., Grant, M., Wendel, C. S., Mohler, M. J., Rawl, S. M., Baldwin, C. M., et al. (2007). A mixed-methods evaluation ofhealth-related quality of life for male veterans with and without intestinal stomas. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 50(12), 2054-2066. DOI: 10.1007/s10350-007-9004-7.
  66. Lowe, T., Ferrell, B., & Leong, L. (2007). Quality-of-life issues in the management of epithelial ovarian cancer. Current Treatment Options in Oncology, 8(6), 402-416.
    DOI: 10.1007/s11864-007-0049-6.

  67. Mitchell, K. A., Rawl, S. M., Schmidt, C. M., Grant, M., Ko, C. Y., Baldwin, C. M., et al. (2007). Demographic, clinical and quality of life variables related to embarrassment in veterans living with an intestinal stoma. Ostomy and Continence Nursing, 34(5), 524-532.
    DOI:10.1097/01.WON.0000290732.15947.9e.
  68. Mularski, R. A., Dy, S. M., Shugarman, L. R., Wilkinson, A. M., Lynn, J., Shekelle, P. G., Morton, S. C., Sun, V. C., Hughes, R. G., Hilton, L. K., et al., (2007). A systematic review of measures of end-of-life care and its outcomes. Health Services Research, 42(5), 1848-1870.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2007.00721.x
    .
  69. Shankar, S. M., Carter, A., Sun, C. L., Francisco, L., Baker, K. S., Gurney, J. G., Weisdorf, D. G., Forman, S. J., Robison, L. L., Grant, M., & Bhatia, S. (2007). Health care utilization by adult long-term survivors of hematopoietic cell transplant: Report from the bone marrow transplant survivor study. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 16(4), 834-839.
    DOI: 
    10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-06-0714. 
  70. Carter, A., Robison, L. L., Francisco, L., Smith, D., Grant, M., Baker, K. S., et al. (2006). Prevalence of conception and pregnancy outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation: report from the Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Study. Bone Marrow Transplant, 37(11), 1023-1029.
    DOI: 10.1038/sj.bmt.1705364. 
  71. Ferrell, B. R., & Winn, R. (2006). Medical and nursing education and training opportunities to improve survivorship care. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 24(32), 5142-5148. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2006.06.0970.

  72. Krouse, R. S., Mohler, M. J., Wendel, C. S., Grant, M., et al. (2006). The VA ostomy health-related quality of life study: Objectives, methods, and patient sample. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 22 (4), 781-791.

  73. van Dis, F. W., Mols, F., Vingerhoets, A. J., Ferrell, B., van de Poll-Franse, L. V. (2006). A validation study of the Dutch version of the Quality of Life-Cancer Survivor (QOL-CS) questionnaire in a group of prostate cancer survivors. Quality of Life Research, 15(10), 1607-1612. DOI:10.1007/s11136-006-0015-y.
  74. Ferrell, B. R., Cullinane, C. A., Ervin, K., Melancon, C., Uman, G. C., & Juarez, G. (2005). Perspectives on the impact of ovariancancer: women’s views of quality of life. Oncology Nursing Forum, 32 (6), 1143-1149. DOI: 10.1188/05.ONF.1143-1149.

  75. Sherman, R. S., Cooke, L., Grant, M. (2005). Dialogue among survivors of Hematopoietic cell transplantation: Support groupthemes. The Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 23(1), 1-24. 
    DOI:10.1300/J077v23n01_01. 
  76. Grant, M., Ferrell, B. R., Dean, G., Uman, G., Chu, D., & Krouse, R. (2004). Revision and psychometric testing of the City of Hope Quality of Life Ostomy Questionnaire. Quality of Life Research, 13, 1445-1457.
  77. Ferrell, B. R., Smith, S., Cullinane, C., & Melancon, C. (2003). Psychological wellbeing and quality of life in ovarian cancer survivors. Cancer, 98(5), 1061-1071.
  78. Ferrell, B. R., Virani, R., Smith, S., & Juarez, G. (2003). The role of oncology nursing to ensure quality care for cancer survivors:A report commissioned by the National Cancer Policy Board and Institute of Medicine. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30(1), E1-E11. DOI: 10.1188/03.ONF.E1-E11.

  79. Ferrell, B.R., Hassey Dow, K., Grant, M. (1995).  Measurement of the quality of life in cancer survivors. Quality of Life Research, (4), 523-531 (Seminal Article)

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