VI. Education
      A. Professional Competencies and
           Educational Programs

This section includes materials from previous Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) programs at the City of Hope and similar programs including agendas, objectives, tests, and syllabi.  Additional resources include self-paced learning modules, pain management competency packets and curriculum, treatment and training guidelines, and case conference packets.  These resources are available in various forms such as interactive CD, videotapes, and bound copies.

City of Hope Publications
  1. Grant, M., Ferrell, B., Hanson, J. Sun, V., & Uman, G. (2012).The enduring need for the Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) training program. Journal of Cancer Education, 26(4), 598-603. DOI: 10.1007/s13187-011-0268-1.
  2. Cohen, M., Ferrell, B. R., Vrabel, M., Visovsky, C., Schaefer, B. (2010). What does it mean to be an oncology nurse? Reexamining the life cycle. Oncology Nursing Forum, 37(5), 561-570. DOI: 10.1188/10.ONF.561-570.
  3. Ferrell, B. R., Virani, R., Malloy, P., & Kelly, K. (2010). The preparation of oncology nurses in palliative care. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 26(4), 259-265.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.soncn.2010.08.001.
  4. Otis-Green, S., Ferrell, B., Spolum, M., Uman, G., Mullan, P., Baird, P., Grant, M. (2009). An overview of the ACE project ~ Advocating for clinical excellence: Transdisciplinary palliative care education. Journal of Cancer Education, 24(2), 120-126.    
    DOI: 10.1080/08858190902854616.
  5. Piper, B. F., Borneman, T., Chih-Yi Sun, V., Koczywas, M., Uman, G., Ferrell, B. R., & James, R. L. (2008). Cancer-related fatigue: Role of oncology nurses in translating national comprehensive cancer network assessment guidelines into practice. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 12(5), 37-47. DOI: 10.1188/08.CJON.S2.37-47.
  6. Ferrell, B., Paice, J., & Koczywas, M. (2008). New standards and implications for improving the quality of supportive oncology practice.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26(23), 3824-3831. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2007.15.7552.
  7. Otis-Green, S., Lucas, S., Spolum. M., Ferrell, B. R.., & Grant, M. (2008). Promoting excellence in pain management and palliative care for social workers. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life and Palliative Care, 4(2), 120-134. DOI: 10.1080/15524250802353942.
Recommended Publications
  1. Pain Assessment and Pharmacologic Management   
     Pasero, C., & McCaffery, M. (2010). PA:
      Elsevier.  ISBN #: 0323056962.
  2. Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice, 7th Edition
     Yarbro, C. H.
    , Gobel, B. H., & Wujcik, D. (2010).  NM: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ISBN #: 0763763578.   
  3. Pain: Clinical Manual, 2nd Edition 
    - McCaffery, M.,  & Pasero, C. (1999). 
    ISBN #: 081515609X.   
Education Materials/Curriculum
  1. Advanced Certification for Palliative Care Programs 
    The Joint Commission

     This certification is designed to recognize
       hospital inpatient programs that
       demonstrate exceptional patient and
       family-centered care in order to optimize
       the quality of life for patients with serious
       illness. Palliative care involves addressing
       physical, emotional, social and spiritual
       needs and facilitating patient autonomy,
       access to information and choice.
  2. Competency Guidelines for Cancer Pain Management in Nursing Education and Practice - Wisconsin Cancer Pain Initiative  
  3. Creating Organizational Change Through the Pain Resource Nurse Program - Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
    Establishing a PRN program entails
       conquering a number of management
       challenges and is an effective strategy in
       creating organizational change to improve
       the state of pain control.      
  4. Developing Patient/Client Health Information 
    - Calgary Health Region, CAN
      This online manual was created to serve as
       a reference for busy healthcare providers in
       developing attractive, informative and easy
       to read materials to enhance patient
  5. End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) - American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) 
     A comprehensive national education
       program to improve end-of-life care by
  6. Fact Sheets on Cancer Pain – International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)
     Barriers to Cancer Pain Treatment
      - Epidemiology of Cancer Pain
      - Psychological Aspects of Cancer Pain    
     Psychological Interventions for Cancer Pain
     Treatment-Related Pain              
  7. Guidelines for Pain Case Conferences & Guidelines for a Pain Conference for an Individual Patient - University of Wisconsin Hospital & Clinics, Madison, WI
  8. Master of Science in Pain Research, Education and Policy Tufts University
    - An interdisciplinary postgraduate education
      that sets the standard for pain education.   
  9. National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Online Courses
    - Achieving Cultural Competence to Reduce
      Health Disparities in End of Life Care

     Understanding End-of-Life Care: The Social
      Worker’s Role 
    - Understanding Cancer: The Social Worker’s

  10. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Interactive CME
    NCCN interactive learning includes
      presentation webcasts, streaming videos,
      podcasts, and an audio library.
  11. Nurses Self Paced Learning Module on Pain Management - Dominican Santa Cruz Hospital, Santa Cruz, CA
    - Learning module directed at nurses in the
      area of pain management.  
  12. Pain Management Certification for Nurses - American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), Baltimore, MD 
     - ANCC collaborated with the American
       Society for Pain Management Nursing
       (ASPMN) for the first nurse-focused pain
       management certification available in the  
       United States.   
  13. Pain Management Nursing Certification Preparation Course  - American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN)
    Certification Prep Course
     - ASPMN has a variety of materials available 
       for sale to assist you prepare to take the
       pain management nursing exam.    
  14. Pain Management Competency Packet
    - To assist preceptors to provide feedback to 
      new nurses on ability to assess and manage
      pain.  These tools define the competencies
      for clinical nurses in hospitals with a
      structured pain program.

    Pain Management Competency - Developed
      by Nursing Research & Education at the City
      of Hope National Medical Center,Duarte,
    Pain Management Competency - Developed
      by the Patient Care Team at the University
      of Wisconsin
    Hospital & Clinics, Madison,
  15. Pain Management: An Interactive CD for Clinical Staff Development  - Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, MN  
    - A comprehensive pain management training
      tool based on evidence-based procedures
      and JACHO guidelines with 6-7.2 hours of
      CEU credits are
    available for nurses,
      physicians and pharmacists.   
  16. Pain Management Resources Packet  - Margo McCaffery, RN, MS, FAAN

    Pain Management: Assessment & Overview
      of Analgesics (CD) - Margo McCaffery, RN,
      MS, FAAN
    & Chris Pasero, MS, RN     

    Contemporary Issues in Pain Management 

    - This video series addresses the problems 
      nurses encounter in daily practice.  Videos 
      include Pain in Infants and Children, Pain in
      the Elderly and the Physiology and
      Pharmacologic Management of Pain. 

    Pain: Clinical Manual, 2nd Edition 

    Pain Management and Pharmacologic
     - Margo McCaffery, RN, MS,
      FAAN & Chris Pasero, MS, RN 
  17. Pain Management Self Learning Module - Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles, CA
    - A self-learning module based on current
      standards of care in pain management. 
  18. Pain Research Forum
      An interactive web community dedicated to
       finding treatments for untreatable pain
       conditions and help researchers by
       improving information sharing, by
       fostering new collaborations among
       researchers, and by raising interest in pain
       research among a wider community of
       scientists and clinicians.
  19. Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) Training Program - City of Hope, Duarte, CA
    - Agenda and Objectives for the 2014 PRN
      Training Program.  
  20. Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) Program Curriculum & Planning Guide  - The Resource Center, Madison, WI
    - Implementation tool-kit designed to assist
      clinicians/educators in hospital settings to
      coordinate and implement a PRN Program
      as a means of improving the quality of pain
  21. Pain Resource Nurse Training Program Packet - University of Wisconsin Hospital and
      Clinics, Madison, WI          

    Privilege: Pain Resource Nurse - Guidelines
      developed for job evaluation and
      performance criteria to be utilized for
      annual review of the Pain Resource Nurse

    Pain Resource Nurse Role: Description and
      Responsibilities - Purpose and Policy
      governing description and responsibilities of
      the Pain Resource Nurse role.

    Pre-test - Pain Resource Nurse Training
      Program - this 47 question post-test
      (complete with answer sheet) is developed
      for the Pain Resource Nurse
  22. The Pain Community
    To build and strengthen an active, energized and diverse community of people affected by pain by providing a foundation of support where education, wellness information and advocacy are promoted.
  23. Palliative Care/Pain Management Training Programs
    - Preceptorships, fellowships and pain
      training programs for nurses, physicians and
  24. Program in Palliative Care Education and Practice - Harvard University
    - Palliative care course offered at Harvard
      University for medical and nursing
  25. The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health – Institute of Medicine
     This IOM report is a thorough examination
      of the nursing workforce. Their
      recommendations focus on the critical
      intersection between the health needs of
      diverse, changing patient populations
      across the lifespan and the actions of the
      nursing workforce.   
 Guidelines/Clinical Pathways
  1. Core Curriculum for Pain Management Nursing 
    – American Society for Pain Management
    - A comprehensive guide to effective pain
      management in the healthcare setting and
      a review of course material for passing the
      pain management certification
 Other Organizational Links

 Position Statements/Standards
  1. Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association
     Pain Management 
  2. State of California Board of Registered Nursing
    - The Nurses Role in Pain Management  

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